A Sailor’s Guide to Different Types of Anchors
When you are looking to acquire a new anchor system for your boat, you must understand your decision will be affected by a myriad of factors including the conditions you are boating in discussed on this website. When it comes to deciding between the different types of anchors, you should include the composition of the seafloor in your decision making if you want to get it right. Each vessel should have more than one anchor which can come in handy during extreme weather conditions or if you find yourself in crowded areas. Below is a guide on the different types of anchors you should know more about.
For someone who is going sailing for the first time or looking for something that is easy to handle and store, the flat shape of the fluke makes it the most suitable for you. It is crucial to think about the bottom type of the area you will be using the anchor because they are suitable and effective in different conditions; for instance, the fluke anchor is a top performer only in mud and sand.
If you want an anchor that is suitable in almost all the conditions you might find yourself in while at sea, the wing anchors are the ideal choice; thanks to its multi-pronged design, it is capable of holding well in most conditions aside from rock. Aside from the wing anchors, you will also come across plow anchors which are like the wing, except for the added ability to swivel, making it suitable for a sailor expecting to shift tides or winds while at sea but it comes with the disadvantage of being heavy, difficulty to maneuver, and store.
If you are going sailing in or planning to anchor in a rocky area, the claw is the most suitable type of anchor to aboard; unlike the other types of anchors, it easily sets and resets but it comes with a low holding power. Mushroom anchors are used for secure, long-term mooring in silt, soft mud, or loose sand; if you are looking for temporary anchoring, these are not the type for you unless you own a small boat looking to make a quick stop.
When you are choosing an anchor your boat, don’t just focus on its weight but holding power too; the holding power required by your boat helps in ensuring you are investing in the right one. Another factor to consider is the manufacturing material of the anchor; there are three main types to choose from each with its pros and cons. These are the different types of anchors and the factors to consider when selecting a new one for your boat.